An unwanted fire occurs every 10 seconds. Fire extinguishers provide the opportunity to get the upper hand on a fire before it gets out of control. Knowing how to properly use an extinguisher can prevent property damage and save lives. This presentation display covers the basics of fire extinguishers in a clear and concise manner.
It begins by addressing the fact that the placement of fire extinguishers plays a part in their effectiveness. Extinguishers need to be on every level of the home and close to where there is the greatest risk for a fire, like in the kitchen or garage. They need to be easily accessible but away from heat sources. Placing extinguishers near the exits of a room ensures that, should a fire become out of control, the individual fighting it will still be able to escape.
There are several types of fire extinguishers, each suitable for a different kind of fire. Class A is used for fires in common combustible materials like wood, paper, and cloth. Fire involving flammable liquids, like gasoline or grease, require a Class B extinguisher. Class C extinguishers are appropriate for electrical fires. There are also multi-purpose extinguishers, labeled as A-B-C or B-C, that are appropriate for two or more fire types. The remaining types of extinguishers are not typically found in homes, but workplaces instead. Class D extinguishers are found in laboratories or factories for fires involving flammable maetals. Fires involving fats or oils in cooking appliances require a Class K extinguisher.
When purchasing a fire extinguisher, several things need to be taken into consideration: its size, provided instructions, and storability. Indivduals need to be able to easily pick up and move the fire extinguisher. Its instructions should be straightforward and clear. And an individual must be able to secure the extinguisher in a removed, but accessible location.
The final section of the display covers using fire extinguishers. For those who have never used one, local fire departments frequently offer training programs. Those faced with fighting a fire need to be congnizant of when and when not to fight it. Individuals can choose to fight the fire if:
- The fire is small and contained.
- The building has been evacuated and the fire department called.
- The exits are still accessible.
However, individuals should not fight the fire if:
- The fire has resulted in a lot of heat or smoke.
- There’s the chance of getting trapped in the building.
- Their instincts tell them to get out of the building.
The display’s final message is extremely important for anyone who may have to make the choice to fight a fire: “When in Doubt – Just Get Out!”